Normally, people who are not U.S. citizens can receive U.S. Social Security benefits when they are outside the U.S., only if they meet certain requirements. Under the agreement, you can receive benefits if you are a U.S. citizen or Swedish citizen, refugee, stateless person or a person entitled to benefits for dependent or surviving persons based on the social security record of one of these people, and you can receive benefits as long as you reside in Sweden. If you are not American or Swedish and live in another country, you cannot receive benefits. Your Payment While You Are Outside The United States (Publication No. 05-10137) explains the restrictions placed on U.S. services. If you do not wish to qualify for benefits, but want more information about the agreement, write: To qualify for benefits under the U.S. Social Security Program, a worker must have earned enough work credits, known as insurance quarters, to meet the “insurance status requirements” specified. For example, a worker who turns 62 in 1991 or later generally needs 40 calendar terms to be insured for old age pensions.
As part of a totalization agreement, SSA accounts for periods of coverage acquired by the worker under the social security program of a contracting country when a worker has some U.S. insurance coverage but is not sufficient to qualify for benefits. Similarly, a country that is a party to an agreement with the United States takes into account a worker`s coverage under the U.S. program when it is required for that country`s social security benefits. If the combined credits in the two countries allow the worker to meet the eligibility requirements, a partial benefit may be paid depending on the proportion of the worker`s total career in the paying country. The agreement with Italy is a departure from other US agreements because it does not regulate the people cashed in. As in other agreements, the basic criterion of coverage is the territorial rule. However, the coverage of foreign workers is mainly based on the nationality of the worker. If an employed or self-employed U.S. citizen in Italy would be covered by U.S.
Social Security without the agreement, he will remain covered by the U.S. program and exempt from Italian coverage and contributions. The Data Protection Act requires us to inform you that we are entitled to collect this information until Section 233 of the Social Security Act. Although it is not mandatory for you to provide the information to the Social Security Administration (SSA), a coverage certificate can only be issued if an application has been received.